Bosnia is back on the brink of ethnic conflict, warns Hague

Author: By Nigel Morris, Deputy political editor

Fourteen years after the end of the war that tore apart the former Yugoslav
republic, Mr Hague called for urgent action to prevent a new crisis gripping
the Balkans. He warned that the situation risked turning Bosnia-Herzegovina
into “Europe’s black hole”.

David Cameron’s unofficial deputy said that he was determined to cast a fresh
spotlight on Bosnia, which is governed by a complex federation of Muslims,
Serbs and Croats. He stressed that he was not forecasting a return to
all-out war but said that violence was “not far below the surface”
as the situation became “grimmer”.

In an interview with The Independent, he said he had been alarmed after a
two-day visit last month to Srebrenica, where 8,000 Bosnian Muslims were
massacred in 1995. Meetings with community leaders had demonstrated to him
that the country was being “pulled apart”.

He said: “You would think you were going to a place where the people have
moved on and communities have got together 14 years later. But actually the
atmosphere is grim and it is very difficult for the refugees who lost all
their menfolk to move back there ? it’s a rather unwelcoming atmosphere.
Politically, around them, their country is sliding backwards and further
apart.”

Mr Hague, who also had extensive meetings with political leaders in a visit to
Bosnia last autumn, said he feared the tensions could deteriorate into
something worse. He said: “In some form [Bosnia] could break down ?
this is a country being slowly pulled apart.”

He was alarmed that Bosnia’s Serbian leadership was pressing for greater
autonomy and eventual secession from the fledgling state, with Russian cash
fuelling the renewed nationalism. It was also pressing for the closure of
the Office of the High Representative in Bosnia, which oversees the peace
agreement between its ethnic groupings.

Mr Hague attacked the “weak and confused” EU response to the “pressure
to fragment the country” and said: “It is moving slowly in the
wrong direction and ? despite all the efforts and all the bloodshed and all
the sacrifices there ? it’s moving in the wrong direction without alarm
bells sounding in most European capitals.”

He added: “The evidence is they [only] get together in Bosnia when there
is some strong outside pressure on them.” The shadow Foreign Secretary
denounced suggestions that EU peacekeepers could be pulled out of Bosnia,
insisting: “There should be no talk of withdrawing European forces. A
strong signal should be sent that Europe will not ignore this situation.”

And the prospect of a crisis in Bosnia hampered efforts to expand EU
membership to Croatia, Serbia and Turkey. “If that doesn’t work, there
will be a hole in the heart of Europe of discontent, of people trafficking,”
he said. “People think the Balkans are what we debated in the 1990s and
now we can forget about it. In fact, it’s a crucial area in foreign policy
in the next five to 10 years and will get a lot of emphasis in the next
Conservative administration.”

In a wide-ranging interview, Mr Hague set out his foreign policy priorities if
the Tories win the election expected in May. He said his first action as
Foreign Secretary would be to order a fresh approach to Afghanistan.

A new National Security Council ? a Cabinet committee chaired by the Prime
Minister ? would become the “real centre of decision-making”
on the war. It would press Nato partners for an “acceleration of the
building up of the Afghan army and police” but he made it clear that a
Tory government would be likely to deploy more troops if army chiefs thought
it necessary.

Mr Hague conceded that the public was losing confidence in the war ? as
demonstrated by an opinion poll in The Independent this month ? and promised
to tackle that disillusionment by making the case for military action. MPs
would also be given regular updates on its progress.

He accused the Government of being “complacent and slow” in
examining accusations that Britain had turned a blind eye to the torture of
terror suspects abroad. He promised a “more thorough investigation”
of the allegations. Its form would be announced in the run-up to the
election.

Mr Hague also said an incoming government “reserved the right” to
change the terms of reference of the Iraq inquiry and order more of its
sessions to be held in public.

He was unrepentant over the Tories’ membership of the anti-federalist European
Conservatives and Reformists Group in the European Parliament: “I would
be very surprised if other parties did not join it.”

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