Charles Clarke: You Ask The Questions

Who would you most like to succeed Gordon Brown: James Purnell, David
Miliband, Ed Miliband or Alan Johnson?
Jeremy Shepherd, Brighton

A leadership election would be politically refreshing. I’ll determine my own
preference at the time and according to the circumstances. A short,
well-conducted campaign will bring much-needed positive life into Labour
politics and give millions of people an opportunity for a direct say in our
future.

Of the people you mention, all four would do an excellent job, both as Prime
Minister and the party leader. They would all do much better for Labour in
the general election than the current incumbent.

Do you think Gordon Brown will resign before the election, on medical or
other grounds?
Fiona Wallis, London

I hope so. I also think it’s likely. It would be in his own interest, as well
as that of the Labour Party and the country.

Why do you spend most of your time attacking the Prime Minister rather than
David Cameron?
Clare Caribon, Reading

Unsurprisingly, my long-standing concerns about our party’s direction attract
a lot more attention than my many criticisms of the Conservatives. David
Cameron lacks substance and coherence, particularly on economic policy,
green issues, Europe and his unreadiness to face up to the challenges around
security and liberty. I argue that he is far less prepared for office than
Labour was in either 1997 or 1992.

Regrettably, there is a media prism which means that just about everything I
say is seen in the context of our party’s leadership. Complete silence would
be one way to go but I am not prepared to respond to that media reality by
saying nothing about anything.

Is Norwich the most boring place in England? If not, where else? Jo
Samuel, Huddersfield

Visit Norwich and find out just how wrong you are. How does it compare with
Huddersfield? Norwich has a 1,000-year history encompassing Nelson and Edith
Cavell. Its modern achievements range from Booker prize-winning authors to
its 2,500 world-leading researchers in food, health and climate change.

Were you a bigger failure as Home or Education Secretary? Gordon Dewar,
Arbroath

As it happens I’m proud of my record in both. I only regret that I wasn’t
permitted to spend more time in either job. Issues like police
re-organisation, cannabis classification and A-levels seem to keep on coming
round. I dislike the fast-revolving ministerial door as I think that most
posts need at least two years to make change and make it stick.

If faith schools promote segregation and (in most non-Christian cases) are
bad at delivering quality education, why aren’t they closed? They’re causing
gang wars in huge swathes of Britain.
Charlotte Cleethorpe, Oxford

Almost every aspect of your question is wrong. They don’t generally promote
segregation; they are by and large amongst the best at achieving quality
education; the idea that they are “promoting gang wars in huge swathes
of Britain” is about as historically accurate as the virgin birth.
Perhaps you should move away from Oxford and get to see a bit of the real
world.

Do you now accept that the target of 50 per cent into higher education was
a catastrophic error? And that Ed Balls’ belief that poor people don’t
deserve an academic education is shameful?
Michael Timms, Chichester

No. The 50 per cent target is a good one, and one many other countries have
already achieved in a world in which education is increasingly important for
success. Most people who oppose the target are individuals who have already
received the benefits of higher education and want to deny them to others
who they consider less worthy. They often seem to assume that they or their
families won’t be affected by any reduction in university numbers. Of
course, universities that seek to educate 50 per cent of the population are,
and will be, very different from those which educated less than 10 per cent
of the population 50 years ago.

I’ll leave Ed Balls to defend his own views. Aren’t you misrepresenting him a
bit?

Why do you think that it is defensible that we are deporting people to
Iraq, Afghanistan and Zimbabwe? If you don’t, why haven’t you used your
powers to do anything about this?
Paul Roberts, Ely

The ability of the Government to deport to particular countries is ultimately
determined by the courts, through their interpretation of the European
Convention of Human Rights. The morality of any deportation depends
principally upon the safeness of the destination. The courts have decided
there are currently safe destinations in parts of all of Iraq, Afghanistan
and Zimbabwe.

When I did have powers in this area, as Home Secretary, I believed, as I do
now, that deportation is sometimes sadly necessary when people have come to
this country illegally. It’s intellectually dishonest to oppose deportations
altogether unless you believe countries like Britain should abandon the
right to control which foreign nationals can come to our country and the
conditions under which they do so.

The legal framework under which this happens is difficult and controversial,
and certainly the British Government has made many mistakes. However,
decisions have to be taken and the most important thing is that they are
made and enforced under a proper legal framework.

Do you think your lack of dress-sense has damaged your political career,
given that “style” seems to matter over substance these days? The
sight of you walking along with your hands disappearing inside your sleeves
did make you look somewhat gauche at times.
Rosie Davies, by email

I tend to subscribe to the “what-you-see-is-what-you-get” school of
politics. We do need a bit more substance and a bit less style in politics,
but I don’t think my political successes and failures result from the way I
dress.

Do you agree that the biggest threat to Labour’s future is not the Tories
but the Liberal Democrats, who, if they perform credibly, could relegate you
to oblivion?
Bridget Nathu, Swansea

No. The biggest threat to Labour’s future is Labour. If we wake up to the
risks we face, and address them properly, we will win again. If we don’t, we
won’t. The very real possibility of another 18 years of the Tories should be
treated as a potentially lethal threat to Labour’s future.

Do you still get bullied for your big ears? I never understood why you
didn’t shave your beard, given how heartily it accentuated their effect.
Lionel
Cross, Northampton

Earlier this year I presented an award for political cartoonists who expressed
sincere gratitude for my ears. No bullying in sight! As for the beard, I’ve
shaved it off a couple of times but when I do my wife threatens to disown me.

What’s your objection to [Andrew] Marr asking Brown about anti-depressants?
Doesn’t the public have a right to know about the Prime Minister’s health?
Olivia
Pughe, Dudley

Personal questions happen all the time (see above!). They can (and usually
should) just be dismissed. I do dislike the focus some of the media give
solely to personality in politics.

Who were your biggest influences as an undergraduate? And which politician
that you’ve worked with has had the biggest impact on your intellectual
outlook?
Fiona Baber, Cambridge

Keynesian thinking was the biggest intellectual stimulus as it said that we
don’t have to sit and watch events happen but can make a difference. That
was reinforced by the political impact of international events like the US
wars in South-east Asia and the struggle to end apartheid. My political
thinking was influenced, particularly in the 1980s, by the great European
social democrats, in particular Willy Brandt, Olaf Palme, Felipe González
and, in a rather different way, Mikhael Gorbachev.

Do MPs have any spare time? What did you last see at the cinema? Matthew
Day, Saffron Walden

I’m glad your question recognises an MP’s life is a full one, but I do have
spare time. Most recently I have seen Defiance, with Daniel Craig, and The
Reader.

Which musician of the 1960s are you most like in temperament? Val Doonican? Chris
Crosby, Mansfield

Val Doonican? Great jumpers, but not so sure about the music. I preferred
Leonard Cohen, Joni Mitchell, Joan Baez and Tom Paxton. I think by nature
I’m nearer Paxton than Cohen.

What would be on your favourite plate of food? (I get the impression you’ve
thought about this before.)
Mandeep Kohli, Wolverhampton

It’s got to be fish and chips on a blowy day by the beach in Cromer.

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