Missing ship reported off Africa

Author: By Lynn Berry, Associated Press

he Arctic Sea – carrying a load of timber and 15 Russian sailors – passed
through the English Channel on 28 July. The freighter sent radio messages as
it sailed along the coasts of France and Portugal, European officials said
Friday. Then all contact was lost.

The Russian state news agency ITAR-Tass and the German paper Financial Times
Deutschland reported that the ship was spotted near the islands of Cape
Verde, a former Portuguese colony off the coast of West Africa. ITAR-Tass,
reporting from London, cited unidentified officials at Nato; the newspaper
cited two sources but did not identify them.

Russia’s ambassador to Cape Verde said a Russian naval frigate was headed to
the area. Alexander Karpushin said on Russian radio, however, he had no
information on the Arctic Sea’s location.

Nato spokesman Cmdr. Chris Davies said the organistion was monitoring the
situation but was not directly involved in the search.

“We do not have a specific position,” he said. Nato began watching
developments after the ship reported coming under attack in the Baltic Sea
because it was an unusual situation, he said.

The crew had reported that the ship was boarded June 24 in Swedish waters by
up to a dozen masked men, who tied them up, questioned them about drug
trafficking, beat them and carried out an extensive search before leaving 12
hours later in a high-speed inflatable boat.

The alleged attack, unusual in itself, raised further concerns because it was
not reported until the freighter had passed through Britain’s busy shipping
lanes and was heading out into the wide Atlantic.

The European Commission suggested the Maltese-flagged ship may have come under
attack a second time. “Radio calls were apparently received from the ship,
which had supposedly been under attack twice, the first time off the Swedish
coast and then off the Portuguese coast,” said commission spokesman Martin
Selmayr. He said he could add no further comment so as not to hinder the
ongoing law enforcement activities.

The Portuguese Foreign Ministry said, however, that the ship was never in
Portuguese territorial waters.

The ship’s Russian operator, Solchart Arkhangelsk, said it had no information
about a possible second attack.

French maritime authorities said they received radio messages on July 29 as
the ship sailed past the north coast of France. The Arctic Sea’s report to
British maritime authorities as it passed through the Dover Strait, one of
the world’s busiest shipping lanes, was the last known voice contact with
the crew.

The ship had been due to make port on 4 August in Algeria with a ?1.3 million
($1.8 million) haul of timber.

The Malta Maritime Authority said the Arctic Sea “has not approached the
Straits of Gibraltar, which indicates that the ship headed out in the
Atlantic Ocean.”

Speculation on what might have happened to the ship has ranged from suspicions
that it was carrying secret cargo ? possibly narcotics ? to theories about a
commercial dispute. Security experts have been wary of attributing its
disappearance to bandits, noting that piracy is almost unheard of in
European waters.

“It would seem that these acts, such as they have been reported, have nothing
in common with ‘traditional’ acts of piracy or armed robbery at sea,”
Selmayr said.

David Osler, a maritime journalist at Lloyd’s List in London, said there are
three main types of piracy. There is the sort seen in Somalia, where a gang
takes the ship and the captain, and demands a ransom in return for release.

In the Far East, criminals would steal the entire ship, repaint it and trade
it ? creating what are called “phantom ships,” Osler said in an interview.

And in less developed areas, piracy has sometimes been more like armed
robbery, he said, noting that ships often carry cash around for necessities
while traveling. “It’s like holding up the local liquor store,” he said.
“It’s just for cash.”

Osler said the 18-year-old Arctic Sea was not particularly valuable. “The ship
isn’t really worth stealing,” he said, noting most such ships have a life of
20-25 years.

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