Police budgets to be cut by 20 per cent, says senior officer

Author: By Mark Hughes, Crime correspondent

Sir Hugh Orde, the president of the Association of Chief Police Officers
(Acpo), says amalgamating some of Britain’s 43 forces is the best way to
make use of Home Office budgets, which he believes are set to shrink by up
to 20 per cent due to the recession.

His comments revive an idea which dates back to 2005, when the then Home
Secretary Charles Clarke suggested merging neighbouring forces to create 17
larger police regions. The plans were scrapped a year later, with many
forces unimpressed or unwilling to commit to the proposals.

Sir Hugh says the plan should now be reconsidered given the current economic
climate. But due to the unpopularity of the proposals four years ago, and
the lack of police co-operation, he says that politicians are fearful of
backing a similar plan. “I have raised [amalgamations] with every
political party, and I do not detect any political will to deliver this in
the foreseeable future. The sense I get is that it is not an urgent priority,”
he said.

Although the Home Office is happy to allow any forces that want to merge to do
so, it is unlikely to go down the road of attempting to impose mergers upon
unwilling police authorities and chief constables again.

But Sir Hugh says that without the Government taking the lead, mergers will
not happen. He added: “Some forces are better funded than others, so if
you are looking at an amalgamation between a rich force and a less rich
force, all sorts of politics come into play, which is why it requires
central leadership to iron out those issues.

“We need an independent review and, if you do that, you do it across the
country and police forces agree to subscribe to that review’s findings. It
is the only logical way of doing it. We need to learn from what I thought
were very genuine attempts from Charles Clarke to rationalise police

The primary reason for suggesting mergers is the weak economy. Forces are
expecting budgets to be cut, but are aware that the public will demand that
frontline officer numbers do not drop ? the areas in which savings are
possible are back-office functions. Many also believe that smaller forces
are simply not equipped to deal with the threat of large-scale organised

Sir Hugh said: “This country is in a recession. There is no more money
for the public sector and I can confidently predict cuts in police budgets
of 10 to 20 per cent over the next few years. We really have to focus on
what is important ? what keeps people safe, what works and what does not.

“[Chief officers] are looking at driving out efficiencies from the back
office. They are looking at amalgamating tasks across different police
forces ? so major inquiry teams will cover more than one county ? human
resources functions, finance functions, anything we can do to protect the
front line will be done.”

Some forces have already started to merge some operational aspects of their
work. Norfolk and Suffolk share a witness protection unit, while
Hertfordshire and Bedfordshire share a major crimes team. Other forces are
known to share helicopters while some share teams that are only sparingly
used, such as underwater units. Others have even started buying cars
together, ensuring they get the cheapest rate when buying in bulk from

But most are wary of committing to a full merger. They are backed by officials
from both the Association of Police Authorities (APA) and the Police
Federation. Both bodies say there are financial advantages to merging some
teams and back-office functions, but warn that full mergers will be
expensive in their own right and will provide no solutions in the short

Simon Reed, vice-chairman of the Police Federation, said: “The issue over
amalgamation is that they cannot happen overnight. There is a long courtship
and that is why they failed before.

“Also it is an expensive process in itself. The only savings will be long
term, there are no short-term savings, so to cite the recession is not
right. The recession would be long over by the time we got round to merging
forces. We have always said that collaboration is a good thing, but
amalgamation should only be done if it is really necessary. Bigger forces
are not always better.”

Rob Garnham, chairman of the APA, added: “Government plans to initiate
mergers of police forces and police authorities were ditched several years
ago. This was very good news. We must realise that amalgamation will never
be a simple panacea and that there are many, many repercussions of taking
such a step, which must be fully explored. Obviously the potential cost
savings are attractive, but let’s beware of short-term solutions to complex

Forces’ funding: The richest and poorest

(£) per head of population taken from 2006-07 figures

Top 10

*Metropolitan Police: 317.29

*Merseyside: 218.99

*West Midlands: 189.78

*Greater Manchester: 189.54

*Northumbria: 188.82

*Cleveland: 188.01

*West Yorkshire: 168.41

*Durham: 164.57

*South Yorkshire: 162.74

*South Wales: 160.89

Bottom 10

*Surrey: 102.63

*Dorset: 108.91

*West Mercia: 111.59

*North Yorkshire: 112.12

*Lincolnshire: 112.29

*Suffolk: 113.57

*Warwickshire: 113.59

*Hertfordshire: 116.30

*Wiltshire: 116.71

*Essex: 118.00

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