Author: By Andy McSmith
Why are we asking this now?
Sir Richard Branson has twice tried to gain control of the National Lottery,
but lost both times to Camelot. It could be third time lucky, however,
because this time Camelot itself is up for sale ? or rather, 80 per cent of
it is ? and Branson, the man behind the Virgin empire, with a net worth of
an estimated £1.5bn, is expected to be one of the bidders. Initial bids have
to be in this month.
If there is one firm that has not suffered during the recession, it is
Camelot. In these troubled times, when credit is scarce and people fear for
their jobs, more of us than ever are willing to dip into our pockets and
hand over a £1 coin to buy the dream that the astronomic odds will work for
us, and solve all our financial problems in one lucky break.
Last month, Camelot published their annual report for the year 2008-09, which
showed that they had achieved sales of £5.1bn in the year ending 31 March
2009. That figure, representing very nearly 100 million tickets sold every
week, is up 3.6 per cent on the previous year’s turnover of £4.9bn. It is
Camelot’s best sales figures for 10 years. The company’s chief executive,
Dianne Thompson, was rewarded with a pay package which, including bonuses
and pension contributions, came to an eye-watering £1.8m.
So why is the company up for sale?
Camelot has five owners, and running a lottery is not the core business of any
of them. They are Cadbury Schweppes, the printers De La Rue, Fujitsu
Services, Thales Electronics, who are specialists in hi-tech military
hardware, and the Royal Mail.
Royal Mail has a strategic interest in the company, because of the large
number of lottery tickets sold in post offices, and is holding on to its 20
per cent stake for now. That does not rule out the possibility that they
will sell their stake to the highest bidder later.
The other four agreed in April to appoint the investment bankers Greenhill and
NM Rothschild to organise a sale. It is reported that Cadbury and Thales
were determined to pull out, and the other two partners agreed. Cadbury is
currently trying to fight off a takeover bid by the US food giant Kraft.
Will the Government get involved?
The National Lottery is a monopoly created by an Act of Parliament, and
therefore any new owner would need to be approved by the Government.
Besides, the Department of Culture, Media and Sport has a special interest
in Camelot’s future, because the company has promised to contribute £2.2bn
to the 2012 London Olympics. They will want to be very sure that whoever
owns Camelot makes good that promise.
How much is Camelot worth?
Despite having a customer base of more than 30 million people every week,
Camelot will be a lot cheaper than a normal firm of that size. There are two
reasons. One is that its millions of customers are not big spenders. In
terms of its total turnover, Camelot is operating the sixth largest lottery
in the world, but measured by the average amount spent by each customer ? £3
a week in Camelot’s case ? it is 66th in the world league table. This is not
something they are embarrassed about. They cite it as evidence that they are
not getting people to gamble sums that they cannot afford.
What about its profits?
These are also very small for its size. When Camelot successfully renewed its
license to run the Lottery, in April 2007, the current shareholders agreed
with the National Lottery Commission to cut costs to 5 per cent of turnover,
and profits to between 0.3 and 0.4 per cent, down from 0.5 per cent. It
therefore keeps about £30m a week in profits, with the rest donated to good
causes. For that sort of money, the sale is likely to fetch £250m.
But should Camelot be making a profit at all?
It is an old source of controversy that Camelot is and always has been in the
business of running the Lottery for profit, albeit a modest one in relation
to its total income. No other private company enjoys a government-protected
monopoly, and free prime-time television publicity every week as Camelot
does. Many people have asked why they need to keep any of the takings, apart
from what they need for their operating costs.
How does Branson enter the picture?
You have to go back to the founding of the National Lottery in 1994. The
Conservative government that introduced it did so in the teeth of
considerable opposition, especially from other gambling interests like the
pools and the unions who represented their staff. Others argued that it was
immoral for the Government to sponsor gambling At the very least, the Labour
Party argued that the Lottery should not be run for private profit, and
included that policy in the manifesto on which they won the 1997 election.
Taking them at their word, Branson headed the consortium called the People’s
Lottery, who promised to be non-profit-making. They lost the original bid to
Camelot, but tried again when the licence first came up for renewal, in
2000. The woman who then headed the Lottery Commission, Helena Shovelton,
seemed to be of the same mind as the Labour Party and decided that Camelot
should be barred from bidding again, which would have handed the contract to
Branson’s consortium. But Shovelton’s decision was overturned in a High
Court, and she resigned.
The commission then looked at the rival bids, and decided that since Camelot
already had 24,000 terminals in place from which to sell Lottery tickets,
awarding the licence to any other bidder would risk a fall in sales. Having
almost had the National Lottery in his grasp, Sir Richard was understandably
frustrated, and did not enter the bidding in 2007.
What does Branson know about running the Lottery?
Branson originally made his fortune selling records, but he has turned into
something of all-rounder. Virgin Group’s most visible businesses now are its
airlines and trains. He launched Virgin Airways in 1984, Virgin Trains in
1993, Virgin Mobile in 1999, and Virgin Blue (his low-cost Australian
airline) in 2000. He has been regularly voted the most admired entrepreneur
by the British public, and over the past few years burnished his green
credentials by devoting millions to tackling climate change. His repeated ?
and often very dangerous ? attempts to break world records have also met
with admiration, and his 1998 autobiography was a bestseller.
All of which may or may not recommend him to the Lottery. There are actually
very few private firms anywhere in the world with the relevant experience to
run a national lottery. One is the giant Indian firm, Sugal & Damani,
which bid for the National Lottery two years ago, and may now join the
bidding for Camelot. With that exception, Sir Richard is probably just as
well-qualified to run a lottery as, for example, a chocolate manufacturer,
or an arms company, or the private equity firms that are currently showing
an interest in buying Camelot.
Should the Lottery be the next venture for the man behind Virgin?
*Branson’s bids for a role in 1994 and 2000 show his commitment to the idea of
*His track record in business suggests he has more than enough know-how to be
*Few other investors have been as willing to invest capital in a national
*None of his business ventures have given him experience of running a lottery
*His previous attempts to run the lottery failed
*With all his trains, his planes, his music, his mobile phones, and much else,
hasn’t Branson had his finger in enough pies?
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