Since its FDA approval in 2002, Botox has become the most popular cosmetic agent. Many establishments like clinics and medical spas offer Botox procedures. However, it is crucial that you visit an established institution to guarantee the comfort and safety of the procedure. Your face and also your body should not be put at risk. Botox is the bacterium Clostridium botulinum.
It is toxic and it can cause massive paralysis when introduced to the body in large amounts but it helps reduce wrinkles and tighten the skin when given in minimal amounts and in targeted areas of the skin.
It has seven serological types and all of them are mainly used for cosmetic purposes.
How Does Botox Work?
Selective muscle denervation is the medical term used to describe how Botox works. To make a specific muscle contract (or move), the brain sends stimulating signals via the nerves. The point where nerves and muscles meet is called the neuromuscular junction. Once the signals get to this junction, acetylcholine (a stimulating chemical substrate) is released and binds to the muscles cells. Acetylcholine produces other chemical reactions that make muscles contract.
Botox generally works by inhibiting acetylcholine from reaching the cells of the muscles.
If acetylcholine isn’t present, muscles are unable to contract and enter a state of paralysis. However, this paralysis is non-damaging considering that the nerves and the neuromuscular junctions remain perfectly working. This muscular paralysis is merely temporary and will usually fade away in three to five months. That’s the reason Botox is typically given in a three or five-month interval. Once Clostridium botulinum is introduced to the muscles, the acetylcholine blockage in can’t be reversed.
The process begins to take effect 24 to 48 hours after the injection. Typically, it takes five to seven days for the effects of the Botox injection to appear.. As said, the inhibitors gradually fade away after three to five months and muscles start to redevelop sensitivity to the effects of acetylcholine.
In summary, this is how Botox injections work:
Botox is injected to specific problem area. The bacteria, Clostridium botulinum, goes to the neuromuscular junction within 24 to 48 hours and begins acetylcholine blockage. After 48 hours blockage becomes irreversible and muscles are paralyzed. Effects such as smoothing out of skin and reduced wrinkle appearance are noticeable five to seven days after injection. Effects last for three to five months and then muscles become sensitized to the effects of acetylcholine again Botox and the Effects on Wrinkles
Botox works best when administered in wrinkling skin with active musculature underneath such as the skin around the eyebrows, the sides of the mouth, and the neck. However, there are some parts of the skin that naturally loses elasticity with age and causes to permanent wrinkling. Botox, unfortunately, cannot get rid of these wrinkles completely but it will only soften their appearance. Visit your dermatologist to find out alternatives you can try for such cases.
Author: Jerry HamilThis author has published 1 articles so far.