Creating plastic toys, pieces and components can be done in a number of ways, depending on certain factors such as to what the purpose of that item is to be. Each aspect of this procedure has to be carefully calculated to accommodate for each product’s specific structural and functional issues. One method that proves most effective in many circumstances is injection molding.
In this process, products are fabricated by injecting very specific materials into a designed mold. There are many variations on how this method may be executed and even more options as to which substances can be utilized. The choices of method and construction are going to depend on several factors of what the item will be expected to do when fully realized.
When it comes to making either a single piece, or having the same item mass produced, this is the most commonly utilized method for plastic fabrication. This is how products like bottle caps, molded figures and toys, kitchenware, containers, combs, certain components for machinery and housings for electronics are generally made. Many parts of an automobile, from a small accent piece to a full door panel, may also be created this way.
Two of the advantages of this method are a huge selection of materials to use and a lower cost for labor. The molds make it easy to produce thousands of replicas with ease, and when the right substances are used, items made through this process have a high stress tolerance. Very little waste is generated because the pieces are so precisely formed that it is rarely necessary to cut excess from the whole for finishing.
Unfortunately, there are also a few disadvantages to this procedure. To begin with, the process itself has particular limitations due to the way it must be set up and how it operates. There is also the issue of the initial tooling investment for new pieces being quite expensive, though they do tend to pay for themselves when molds are used multiple times.
Polymers of all sorts, all thermoplastics and quite a few elastomers and thermosets, are acceptable for use in this process. The sheer number of these substances provides tens of thousands of fabrication options. Many of these can be combined together or mixed with complimentary alloys in order to create a formula that is best suited for the intended purpose.
What the molded piece will be used for will determine which material, or mixture of multiple ones, will be the best choice. Some products will need to withstand a greater amount of stress or function in more intense temperatures than others will, so the composition must meet those standards. The range of possibilities of what may be created in this manner is vast and varied.
Genevive B. Mata has over 20 years of professional sales experience, 10 of them directly in the plastic pallets and materials handling industry. On her spare time she works on applied-sustainability projects. If you are interested in industrial plastic pallet, she suggests you check out her friends www.ptm.com/global.
Author: Genevive B. MataThis author has published 1 articles so far.