The incident command system training (ICS) came into being in the 1970s as a means to fight the Californian fires that destroyed life and property worth millions regularly. On studying the case history, it was observed that the damage escalated only because the response system was not prepared while the people were resourceful and deployed more than one method to tackle the devastation. ICS is an on-scene crisis management system that tackles all kinds of incidents.
The ICS took on the mantle to tackle the situation, and rise to the challenge be it small or big, planned or unplanned and subsequently became a part of a National Incident Management System (NIMS). The ICS management system improves the efficiency and enables people to be effective to encounter any domestic mishaps by combining the resources, equipment, personnel and procedures and improving the communications.
The crisis commanders from various agencies and jurisdictions combine to form one common Unified Command. The instances where multi jurisdictional or multi-agency domestic incidents need to be addressed, the unified-command becomes very important. First and foremost this structure removes the need for duplicating effort.
In cases where there is multi jurisdictional or multi-agency domestic incidents the most important element would be the Unified Command-structure. Understandably, this kind of arrangement does away with duplication of effort and inefficiency that is present when various agencies operate in different functional and geographical jurisdictions operating at different levels in the government without any common system of operational organization framework.
One easily understands the advantage that one gets by having the Unified Command. The set of objectives is unified for the entire accident, everyone works with a common method to achieve the various objectives. Information flow becomes smooth and better coordination is achieved with increased understanding from all agencies that are in the vicinity of the accident. Increase in cooperation among the legal agencies and authorities remarks responsibilities for all the responsible people outlines the restrictions and limits of action.
The great flexibility that ICS has makes it possible for integrating Intelligence and Investigative Functions functionally in various positions inside the structure of a given organization though they have a standard position. One could make them portion of Staff who are in charge and the functioning of this section would show that there is no need at all for intelligence that is classified or for sharing tactical information.
It may be a part of the responsible Staff and this arm may be useful when there is no need for classified intelligence or tactical information. Agency representative who form the support are providing real-time information as required by the Element. When deployed in the Operations Section, they will exhibit their innate coordination and superior linkage that exists between the investigative information and corresponding operational tactics.
There are flood-control specialists, specialists in fire behavior, meteorologists, fuel specialists, and specialists in training people. Another group consists of water-use specialists, structural engineers, environmental impact people, and specialists in dealing with hazardous material. For differing situations in different requirements and location sometimes there may be advisory posts created at the incident command system training. For instance, the legal advice may be required when making mass evacuations, or in the course of emergency announcements or when one wants to know the restrictions that are to be made for the media.
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Author: Rosetta CraneThis author has published 9 articles so far.