Water treatment process is usually divided into various stages. This is done with intention improving the quality of output. In preliminary stage, large filtering screens are used to ensure large solid materials are removed. Items removed during this stage include; papers, metals, plastics, silt and grit. Second stage in Industrial Wastewater Treatment plant is primary stage. During this stage, organic materials are removed by passing waste water through sedimentation tank (primary). Wastes are removed using both biological and physical processes.
This second stage ends at secondary sedimentation tank. Within this tank sludge is formed when biomass settles. Clear water forms on upper part of tank. This water is then allowed to move to tertiary treatment stage. This is actually the third stage. Here pathogens present in clear water are killed using appropriate chemicals. This process is usually repeated many times, in case water is to come into contact with individuals.
There are many benefits associated with wastewater treatment process. It leads to production of clean water, which is reusable. This process is really beneficial to lives of individuals. Benefits can only be realized, if appropriate techniques are applied in the course of treatment. In case, wrong methods are used, then chances getting pleasing results are very minimal.
Some of waste materials collected during this process, are recycled. This means process helps in reducing amount of wastes produced by members of a given country. This is beneficial because more jobs of citizens are created in recycling industries. Furthermore, procedure leads to formation of environment, which is not only healthy, but also comfortable to live in. Dangers brought about by occurrence of wastes in environment are prevented owing to elimination of environmental pollutants.
It helps in reduction of water pollution by removing both organic and inorganic solids, which pollutes water. This is not only good for the health of people, but also for aquatic animals. Treating water plays an essential role in reducing amount of money spent by government in rehabilitating the environment as a method of controlling pollution. In general terms, this kind of process is beneficial in improving and upgrading lives of people.
Items trapped within tank form sludge. This substance can be converted into a more usable material is appropriate procedures are followed. Most of materials that form sludge are biodegradable. Sludge is treated with the help of aerobic bacteria while inside digesters. After sometime, bacterial produce gas, that contains large quantity of methane. Methane is useful especially in generation of electricity. This indicates that procedure can be used for energy production.
Biodegradable material collected within the tanks during primary stage can be dried, hence forming natural fertilizer. In most cases, drying is usually done within drying lagoons so as to acquire pleasing results. Resulting fertilizer can be applied in agricultural sector to increase crop yields. This leads to reduction in the usage of chemical fertilizers, which pollute the surroundings.
When water is treated using appropriate methods, the number of people who becomes sick as a result of drinking untreated water decreases. People become healthy and strong. This enables them to work hard, hence improving economy of a country. Their living standards are also likely to improve because less money will be used in paying hospital bills.
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Author: Jennifer ParkerThis author has published 1 articles so far.