A Heart murmur is simply an extra or atypical sound in your heartbeat. When a doctor picks up an unusual sound using a stethoscope, it’s natural to feel concerned. It’s important to remember that most are harmless, not related to a disease and not uncommon. Murmurs don’t cause symptoms themselves, and you may have had one for many years without a problem.
Murmurs are extremely common in otherwise totally healthy children. Though words like ‘congenital defects’ sound rather frightening, this is in no way uncommon or a reason for major worry. When these atypical noises emerge in an adult’s beat as a new pathology, however, there could be an underlying illness, and further test should be done.
It’s important to know what makes the sound. A typical beat has two distinct sounds, which some people describe as ‘lub dub’. This is the sound of the two valves opening and closing in quick succession, as the blood moves within the organ. When a murmur occurs, the sound may have an extra or abnormal nature. When the blood isn’t flowing through the valves entirely smoothly, a doctor can pick up the sound of turbulence.
This may be, but certainly isn’t always, because of damage to the organ valves. These valves may be affected by lots of conditions, including aging alone, certain diseases and infections. It’s very important to keep hold of the fact that the condition, on it’s own is not a disease. It may, however, be created by one.
Innocent or functional murmurs don’t require medical treatment and are completely harmless and asymptomatic. There’s no need to alter your diet or cut back on your physical activity. Though of course a good diet and plenty of exercise will stand you in good stead to prevent any disease occurring. So will avoiding stress, so really do not panic if your physician has detected anything.
The treatment for a murmur that’s detected depends upon its underlying cause. Relatively simple conditions that can be resolved easily and do trigger the condition include hyperthyroidism, anemia, fever and pregnancy. Though this last one may take several months to resolve.
Diseases of this organ which will require treatment quickly and possibly surgery include Endocarditis, a hole in the heart, Valve Stenosis, Sclerosis or regurgitation. These last three are all abnormalities of the organ valve. You’ll usually be unaware of such a problem yourself, but keep an eye on your general health and always seek advice for chest pain and shortness of breath. These won’t be caused by a murmur at all, but could be serious symptoms of other diseases.
Infections may damage those valves, including strep throat and the extremely rare rheumatic fever. Strong antibiotics are usually prescribed. Children with major structural defects or hole in the organ typically have surgery to repair these conditions as babies, and carry on to live normal, healthy lives. The concluding message is that the vast majority of patients with a heart murmur have nothing to worry about, and require no medical treatment.
Get more information about the importance of knowing the signs and symptoms of a heart murmur by visiting our medical website. You can find details about heart issues and the steps you can take to keep your heart healthy today!
Author: Brian BuxtonThis author has published 1 articles so far.