Overview of Ovarian Cyst Removal

by Jay Tyler

Although ovarian cysts may disappear naturally without treatment, ovarian cyst removal is recommended when cysts are large, solid, irregularly shaped, suspected of being cancerous, twisted, ruptured, and or causing severe pain. Development of a cancerous ovarian cyst increases with the woman’s age, thus, it is more likely to be recommended for older patients to have cysts removed immediately.

Prior to the removal of the ovarian cyst, a doctor will usually perform a physical exam on the patient. They will also conduct a review of medications, a urine test, and a blood test. They may do a CT scan and X-ray of the abdomen to confirm their diagnosis before considering ovarian cyst removal.

The type of surgery used during ovarian cyst removal depends on the type and size of the cyst to be taking out. Laparoscopic surgery is preferred, but open surgery is generally used for the removal of larger cysts.

In laparoscopic surgery, the surgeon makes a small incision in which to insert a thin tube called a laparoscope. The tube is used to find the cyst and from there, the surgeon is able to remove the cyst.

When larger ovarian cyst removal surgery is required, general anesthesia might be used. Pain in the abdomen will generally be experienced after the surgery as well as possible complications such as bleeding and infection. Also, once removed there is a possibility that you will experience ovarian cysts in the future and in a few rare cases, blood clots and even infertility may happen.

Where a surgeon finds no sign of ovarian cancer during the procedure, it is not anticipated that the patient will experience complications. The patient should be fully recovered within several weeks. That said, if the doctors do find ovarian cancer, it may be necessary to remove either one or both ovaries while the surgery is going on or in a later surgical procedure. This would need to be combined with a treatment for ovarian cancer.

After the removal of an ovarian cyst, it is important to contact your doctor if you experience fever or chills, excessive pain or bleeding, shortness of breath, headaches, muscle aches, nausea, abdominal swelling, vomiting, or any other signs of ill health. An ovarian cyst removal, like all other surgeries, must be closely monitored post-surgery but should have no complications.

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