The Common Problem of Gingivitis gum disease

by Mandy

My least favorite part of any dentist visit is the cleaning where the hygienist usually says “We seem to have some bleeding of your gums here. You need to floss more and eat right.” The hygienist is of course right on target which doesn’t help, and further explains that I have the most common of gum diseases known as Gingivitis gum disease.

The bleeding and sensitive gums of Gingivitis gum disease are not really painful most of the time but they are annoying and could lead to worse conditions. They are also a dead giveaway to the dental hygienist cleaning your teeth that you may require remedial education on brushing and flossing everyday. I don’t think anyone likes to hear the cleaning lecture from the hygienist, especially when they are correct.

Inflammation and irritation of the gingiva, the gum areas around your teeth, are the basis of Gingivitis gum disease. The irritation leads to swelling of the gums and usually bleeding from gentle pressure such as floss or even a toothbrush. The gums may get sensitive to any pressure or touching and sometime to differing temperatures.

The symptoms of Gingivitis gum disease are usually caused primarily by bad oral hygiene efforts. Plaque is a thin film on you teeth that brushing can remove temporarily, but it will reform after a day or two if not kept clean. Eventually tartar forms as a harder layer over the plaque which makes it very hard to remove outside a dentist’s chair.

Excess plaque and food particles can lead to Gingivitis gum disease, but there are other factors that can affect your oral health. A natural way for the mouth to clean itself is with saliva. Saliva helps keep food and plaque under control in a normal human mouth on a continuous basis.

There are other habits that add to your risk of Gingivitis gum disease causing problems with your gums. Smoking or any sort of tobacco use is one sure way to raise the risk. Tobacco products all encourage bacteria growth in the mouth and to add more problems it suppresses the immune systems that would fight the bacteria. The treatments for Gingivitis gum disease are much less effective when the patient is a tobacco user.

Bacteria are normally the culprits in a Gingivitis gum disease plot, but occasionally there can be other players causing the same symptoms such as virus or fungi. The herpes virus can infect the mouth and especially irritate the area between the teeth and gums. In addition to the swelling seen normally there will be small sores in the mouth to accompany the viral infection.

Another imposter symptom can be caused by a fungus normally in the mouth but now growing out of control. The disease of oral thrush will form small white sores in the mouth and may cause irritation to the area of gum near the teeth. The resultant swelling will resemble Gingivitis gum disease. Nutritional deficiencies in calcium, vitamin C and some of the B vitamins can increase the risk of having the bleeding gums and irritated mouth.

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