The juvenile justice system is a complete different world from criminal justice. Juvenile court deals with minor youngsters who've been arrested for a criminal issue. Speaking technically, these events happen in civil court so that the accused can be sited with a delinquent act. In numerous examples the juvenile ruling can be sealed. For a set quantity of time.
For someone to be considered for juvenile court the must be under the age of 18 (generally – State mandates may make this age different). That's also the case with kids younger than the age of 7 – because they are considered unable to determine right from wrong. While the family may still be held liable for a young child’s actions financially, criminal intention must be proved in order to go to juvenile court. Just about every state in the USA considers a person under the age of 14 as being juvenile (i.e. They can not be tried as an adult in a criminal court). There are exceptions.
Let’s break down the kinds of juvenile cases. First is delinquency. This means that a person below the age of 18 committed a crime that would typically go to a criminal court. The consequences of juvenile court are less harsh.
Juvenile dependency differs. This suggests that a child has been neglected or abused in some demeanour. In cases like these the judge is the individual that decides the destiny of a minor. Some go back home, some go to a foster home, and others have a mixture of the 2 to maintain contact with the birth parent (s).
Status offense also differs. If a kid is truant, ignores curfew, gets caught drinking or runs away, that changes the whole ballpark. These types of offenses frequently result in disorderly conduct, minor burglary or easy assault charges, all of which may open the way to parole and even a concealed record.
The majority of juvenile cases are brought against younger guys. However, ladies are moving into the justice system. The actuality is when a minor violates a law, the method is far different from an adult. The authorities concerned have more restraint. The hope is that at the end of the day there is not a formal hearing. Part of this difference has to do with Natural rights. In particular, many juvenile cases can't be heard by a jury. Nonetheless some may go to an adult court thru waver, particularly if the youth has a prior history of similar behaviour.
Sentencing is also different in Juvenile courts. They may order detention (house arrest), or other kinds of side effect including counselling and public service.
This tract is for informational uses only. You should usually talk to your attorney prior to making any legal decisions. The Mays Legal Company isn't liable for action taken based on info in this post.
Author: Stephen MaysThis author has published 2 articles so far.