The mosquito is a major cause of many serious diseases throughout the world. Five of the most widely known mosquito-borne diseases are Malaria, Yellow Fever, Dengue Fever, Japanese Encephalitis, and West Nile Virus.
Malaria is the most common serious disease that’s caused by mosquitoes. Over a million people die from the disease worldwide each and every year.
Female mosquitoes deposit their eggs into your bloodstream when they feed on your blood. These parasite eggs incubate and grow in your liver and then attack your red blood cells. The first symptoms usually show up within twenty-four hours. Some symptoms are shivers and chills, a high fever, as well as nausea and vomiting. This is generally followed by a deep sleep and then a flare up occurs. If these symptoms continue to repeat themselves every two or three days, you must seek medical attention.
There’s an anti-malaria drug that can be taken to help protect you when traveling on vacation in mosquito infested tropical climates. For you to receive maximum protection, this medication should be taken before, during, and after your trip. However, these pills may not always be completely effective.
Pharmaceutical drugs such as Chloroquine, Doxycycline, Mefloquine, and Fansidar, can be prescribed to treat malaria, but again, they aren’t always totally effective. Ask your doctor more about the dosage and length of time that you should take any of these prescription medications.
You can protect yourself from yellow fever by getting a vaccination from the doctor at your local health authority before you travel on your holidays. The vaccination lasts approximately ten years. It is very effective.
Japanese encephalitis is a viral infection that’s transmitted through a bite from an infected mosquito. This disease can be prevented with a series of three vaccinations.
Dengue fever is a viral disease spread by mosquitoes. There is no vaccination to prevent this disease.
West Nile Virus is also spread by infected mosquitoes. There’s no vaccine to protect you from this disease.
Please keep in mind that when it comes to serious mosquito-borne diseases, prevention is always better than a cure, even if there is one. It is always the best policy to limit the chance of being bitten and infected by mosquitoes in the first place. Always wear loose fitting, long-sleeved shirts and slacks between dusk and dawn and use a DEET containing insect repellent when mosquitoes become active near dusk. Be sure to kill all the mosquitoes in your room before going to sleep, and use mosquito nets as well as coils when camping or sleeping outdoors.
Author: Dorothy YamichThis author has published 4 articles so far.